Soil, Fertilizer, and Pesticide


Soil must be alive in order for plants to have a full and healthy life.
Newspaper is an ideal way to block grass and undergrowth; it does not destroy life in the soil, and biodegrades over time
Hens in a tractor can heat a hoop house/greenhouse in winter
Clay Soil Amendment:
Compost/Expanded Shale@ 2:1 ratio;Spread 1 cubic foot of mix per 3 square feet of garden (4″ layer), plus:
Sul-Po-Mag @ 2 lb. per 100 square feet (needs to be applied 3 x a year) – unlocks nutrients
Dried Molasses @ 5 lb. per 100 square feet (needs to be applied 3 x a year) – sweetens soil and attracts pro-microbes
Coconut Coir can substitute for peat moss
All: Soft Rock Phosphate (root stimulator) and Worm Castings – handful of each into hole
Tomatoes: Above PLUS crushed egg shells and Rabbit Hill Tomato & Pepper food; use both Kelp and Seaweed in wet-to-wet planting
Fertilizers / Amendments:
Live Compost Tea
Texas Green Sand – for spinach and iron-loving plants
Lava Sand – it’s like coffee for plants; gives them a jump-start
Liquid Kelp – 1 Tb/Gallon. Encourages/Increases blooms, and helps blooms set; apply once plant is
blooming or fruiting.
Growth stimulant; Attracts earthworms.
Only way to add calcium to tomatoes after they’re planted
Tomato & Pepper food (Rabbit Hill) – in hole when planting, then top dressing once it starts blooming
Both Alfalfa and rabbit pellets are preferred fertilizers for cool weather plants
Pest Control
Neem Oil – Disease and bugs. Don’t use in hot weather!
Garret Juice – bad bugs
Captain Jack’s Deadbug – cabbage worms
Dusting Sulphur – chiggers
Table Sugar – bad nematodes (sprinkle at base of affected plants)
Definition of Sun/Shade Terms:
Full Sun: 6 hours or more
Good Sun But No Afternoon: 6 hours or more, but in shade by 2:00 p.m.
Good Early Morning Sun: 3-5 hours of morning sun, but in shade by 11:00 AM
A Little Early Morning Sun: 1-3 hours of morning sun, but in shade by 10:00 AM
Bright Shade: No direct sun but bright light
Dappled Shade: Shady most of the time but has sunlight that falls in spots here and there throughout the day
source: Lucy Harrell